The human beings are connected with their environment through their sense organs.
Ears, eyes, nose and tongue are peripherical sensorial organs, that on being excited by an environmental stimulus, are able of registering said information and transferring same to the brain superior centers. An answer to these stimuli is produced by the brain or central computer.
Neurootology is the branch of medicine devoted to studying the aforementioned process from an overall point of view, i.e. from the moment an stimulus arrives at a sensorial organ (eye, ear) up to the moment that the answer produced by the brain is obtained, which could be qualitative and quantitatively measured and also be graphically drawn.
This neurophysiological process as a whole allows knowledging the selective location of certain pathology, in order to furtherly apply a suitable therapy in line with the topographical location of the lesion in question.
This specialty, being now highly recognized and under constant development is continually registering important progress, including the use of new techniques for neurophysiological investigation.
International Associations joining the main and well-known researchers in this field, such as the Neurootological and Equilibriometric Society – Bad Kissingen, Germany, annually publish the lastest news and developments of this specialty.